HowTo Install redhat package with YUM command without RHN

I think it’s not too late to play with Redhat Enterprise Server :-). Need a kind of a distraction from Solaris, and other Ora** HW/SW product.. hahaha.

I just install RHEL version 6.4. trying to use yum command to install rpm-build package, but it showing below error messages:

[root@redhat64 ~]# yum install rpm-build
Loaded plugins: product-id, security, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Setting up Install Process
No package rpm-build available.
Error: Nothing to do

By default, if you check with “yum repolist all” command, there are 2 repo source with status disabled:

[root@redhat64 ~]# yum repolist all
Loaded plugins: product-id, security, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
repo id                              repo name                                                                   status
rhel-source                          Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server - x86_64 - Source                          disabled
rhel-source-beta                     Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6Server Beta - x86_64 - Source                     disabled
repolist: 0
[root@redhat64 ~]#

Check the Redhat repository configuration file, there are two repo name, both are pointed to redhat website:

[root@redhat64 ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@redhat64 yum.repos.d]# ls
rhel-source.repo
[root@redhat64 yum.repos.d]# more rhel-source.repo 
[rhel-source]
name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever - $basearch - Source
baseurl=ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/enterprise/$releasever/en/os/SRPMS/
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release

[rhel-source-beta]
name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever Beta - $basearch - Source
baseurl=ftp://ftp.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/beta/$releasever/en/os/SRPMS/
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-beta,file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
[root@redhat64 yum.repos.d]# 

We need to register to RHN in order to use those repo source, even you try to enable the repo, by editing the line “enable=0” to “enable=1” but it won’t work. The easy way is build a local repository from your current redhat’s DVD / ISO file:

# mkdir /cdrom
# mount /dev/cdrom /cdrom

Rename existing repo file “rhel-source.repo” to “rhel-source.repo.backup” or whatever you want.
Create another repo file name, example “dvd.repo”:

# vi dvd.repo
[dvd-source]
name=RHEL 6.4 dvd repo
baseurl=file:///cdrom/Server
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0

Check your repo config, Test  and try to install the package:
# yum repolist
# yum install rpm-build

[root@redhat64 yum.repos.d]# yum repolist
Loaded plugins: product-id, security, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
repo id                                               repo name                                                    status
dvd-source                                            RHEL 6.4 dvd repo                                            3,648
repolist: 3,648
[root@redhat64 yum.repos.d]# yum install rpm-build
Loaded plugins: product-id, security, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.

dvd-source                                                                                        | 3.9 kB     00:00 ...

dvd-source/primary_db                                                                             | 3.1 MB     00:00 ...
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package rpm-build.x86_64 0:4.8.0-32.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=========================================================================================================================
 Package                     Arch                     Version                         Repository                    Size
=========================================================================================================================
Installing:
 rpm-build                   x86_64                   4.8.0-32.el6                    dvd-source                   126 k

Transaction Summary
=========================================================================================================================
Install       1 Package(s)

Total download size: 126 k
Installed size: 315 k
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.

  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [                                                                     ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [####                                                                 ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#####                                                                ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [######                                                               ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#######                                                              ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [########                                                             ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#################                                                    ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#########################                                            ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [###############################                                      ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#################################                                    ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [###################################                                  ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [####################################                                 ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#########################################                            ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [##########################################                           ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [###########################################                          ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [############################################                         ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [##############################################                       ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [################################################                     ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#################################################                    ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [########################################################             ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#########################################################            ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [##########################################################           ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [################################################################     ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [##################################################################   ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [###################################################################  ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64 [#################################################################### ] 1/1
  Installing : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64                                                                         1/1

dvd-source/productid                                                                              | 1.7 kB     00:00 ...
  Verifying  : rpm-build-4.8.0-32.el6.x86_64                                                                         1/1
Installed:
  rpm-build.x86_64 0:4.8.0-32.el6                                                                                        
Complete!
[root@redhat64 yum.repos.d]#
##################

We can also build a local http or ftp repository server, will talk later on another post.

15 responses to “HowTo Install redhat package with YUM command without RHN

  1. This works like a charm, had a hard time understanding the issue but after following this blog I must say new and important thing learned. Thanks Saif

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  3. when im trying to mount directory i get read of “mount: you must specify the filesystem type” new to linux so go easy on me.
    using an iso of red hat enterprise 6.5

    • To mount an ISO file:
      mount -t iso9660 -o loop [iso_file_location] [mount_point]

      exp:
      mount -t iso9660 -o loop /home/aziz/rhel-server-7.0-x86_64-dvd.iso /mnt/cdrom/

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  5. Pingback: Configuring Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2 for YUM without a Redhat Subscription | tenbulls.co.uk

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